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A Brief History Of Robots: A journey into the fascinating history of robotics

Today we discuss a brief history of robots and the invention of robots. Humans have been building robots for centuries. From simple steam-operated devices to the sophisticated humanoid-like robots that walk and function as our assistants, we have come a long way in creating artificial intelligence.

Although robotic technology was discovered in the 20th century, human-invented automation is far more ancient. The Ancient Egyptian engineer Hero of Alexandria wrote and produced two texts called Pneumatica and Automata, which demonstrate an array of different kinds of robots whose movements are controlled manually.

Of course, the evolution of robots in the 20th and 21st centuries has developed dramatically to include machines able to assemble other machines or even robots that can be mistakenly identified.

Many people view robot technology in a negative way in modern society. In general terms, a robot is a computer-programable machine that performs complex tasks automatically. It’s obvious why these machines cause people to fear their jobs.

Many individuals believe robotics can be a good thing in some ways, but they tend to be driven by fear. The robot’s history is proving valuable for human advancement. Today we’ll look at the history of robots and discuss how they’ve changed over time.

The History Of Robots

Robots have been a part of human history for centuries, appearing in myths, stories, and films. The first recorded use of the word “robot” was in a Czech play from 1921, and the term has been used extensively in science fiction ever since.

Robotic technology was inadvertently derived from science fiction writer Isaac Isaac Asimov’s 1941 story Liar! Scientists have always questioned the power of humans to generate and produce autonomous machines and lifeforms. Robots are basically computer programmes that are programmed to be able to move during a specific activity. The robot is designed to differentiate itself from other machines and tools, like CNC machines.

The modern concept of a robot began to take shape in the early 1900s with the development of electrical and mechanical technologies. In 1954, the first robot was built for industrial purposes, and since then, robots have become increasingly commonplace in factories and other workplaces around the world.

Background Of Robotics

Apparently, this term is from the Czech word robot, meaning forced labor or monotonous. It has been adapted into a movie for 100 years by author Karel Capek. The play, titled “Rur,” (Rossum’s Universal Robot), was first published in 1921 and became an international success.

When we speak of the origin of robotic systems, the earliest examples of them include Aristotle’s concept of automatization tools, Henry Ford’s and Leonardo Da Vinci’s.

Historical Robotics

In the past, several sources have confirmed that automatons were popular. Ancient Greek and Roman civilizations created simple automated tools to use in religious rituals and in play. Hephaestus planned on building robot tools to be used by his apprentice.

Unfortunately, no old Automaton exists. Throughout the Middle Ages, in European and Middle Eastern countries, automated machines have been used in a number of religious and clock functions, including religious services.

Evolution Of Industrial Robotics

Industrial robotics have no humanoids of their own and reproduce human movement and behaviour but have the force of precision. The first robotic robot was created by George Devol, inventor and founding partner of Unimation, the world’s first robotic company.

In 1954, it was believed to be the first robotics product developed by the US industry. The hydraulic arms known as Unimate, used as lifters for heavier loads, were sold to General Motors. In the next few years, it developed several versions of similar models of Unimation that gradually became available in some factories, primarily in automobiles.

In 1958, at the Stanford Research Institute, Charles Rosen and his research team developed a robot called Shakey. Shakey was far more advanced than the original Unimate, which was designed for specialized, industrial applications. 

Industrial Robots – Victorian Robots

The Industrial Revolution and the increasing focus on mathematical engineering and sciences in England in Victorian times helped to increase the momentum for robotic technology in general.

Charles Babbage was a computer scientist who helped build the foundation of computer science from 1791 – 1871. The most successful projects were the difference machine and the analytical engine. These machines were originally conceived as simple tools for mechanical calculations.

Read also: Which invention allowed computers to become smaller in size

Although the first Industrial Robot was invented in America in the 80s and 90s, it is still developing in some European and Asian nations, most specifically Sweden or Japan. You’ll probably remember that IBM’s Deep Blue defeated the chess world champ, Garry Kasparov, in a chess match.

Other people, including Ada Lovelace, have recognized possibilities for computers to generate and display pictures and music.

From The 20th Century To Today

It took more than 30 years until robots were invented. In the mid-50s, George Devol designed the Unimate, a robotic arm for transporting die-casting parts at a General Mills manufacturing facility in New Jersey, which began production in 1961.

Unimation, the company Devol formed by robotics pioneering engineer Joseph Engelberger, was the first robotics manufacturing company. It was initially conceived by some as curiosity-worthy.

Today, modern robots are used in a wide variety of applications, from manufacturing and assembly to healthcare and search and rescue. They are becoming increasingly sophisticated, and many people believe that they will eventually play a major role in our lives. As our technology continues to advance, it seems likely that the role of robots in society will only grow.

Read also: how technology has improved our lives

Nowadays, artificial intelligence technology is so powerful that Kasparov matches seem to have become obsolete. Applications of AI in robotics are also infinitely greater in value and profits—and even more profitable.

Today, a humanoid robot with a human-like appearance is available. The programmable robot is also used to carry out certain tasks. Human beings are the only creatures on Earth that can be classified as both humanoid and programmable.


Robots are used in several different industries, from the automotive industry to food and beverage to the manufacturing industry, to name just a few. Robots have even been used to explore outer space. It seems that their use will continue to increase. This is very exciting, as robots may become even more prevalent in the future.

FAQs On A Brief History Of Robots

I covered some questions below related to the history of robot. This article gives the appropriate answers to the questions related to the history of robotics.

When was the robot first used?

The words “robots” were first used in 1921 in a Czech drama, R. U.R. The play focuses on assembling artificial humans.

Which is the first robot in the world?

George Devol’s first digitally controlled robotic system was invented in 1954 and eventually named Unimate. In the end, it laid the foundation for today’s robot manufacturing technology.

Who started robotics?

In the early 1960s, businessman Joseph Engleberger purchased the Devol robot technology patent, was able to transform it into a robot, and formed the Unimation company to manufacture and sell the robots. Engleberger has become known as the father of robotic innovation.

What is the most famous robot?

Sophia (Roboter)

What was the first successful robot?

Unimates: In 1961, Unimates was the first human-machine robot and the first machine to operate with humans. Its founder, George Devol, named it Unimation out of Universal Automating, the idea that automated devices would do different types of jobs.

Were there robots in the past?

In the third and fourth centuries BC, Greek inventors like Ctesibius of Alexandria conceived compressed-air and hydraulic equipment. A machine that uses cams to convert rotation into linear rotation is designed for the robot. His robot statue stands or lies down and is often accompanied during processions.

What is the world’s first robot?

George Devol was the world’s first and oldest robot developed in 1954 the first computer-controlled digital robot. In turn, Unimate became a robot. This paved the way for modern robotic technology.

Why was the first robot invented?

While the first robot is designed for moving material, Englerberger has regarding the product is of high importance to the manufacturing sector.

WHO country invented robot first?

The first computer robots able to perform complex behaviors were created from 1948 to 1949 by William Grey Walter from the Burden Neurological Institute in Bristol, England. This is the first electronic autonomous robot.

How is robotics evolving?

Molecular evolution robotics is a fully integrated approach to artificial intelligence that is created using Darwin’s natural selection principles. In order to optimize a robot’s behavior or its components, the design of a computer programme must be adapted to a behavioural goal.

How is the evolution of robotics affected our world?

Currently, robots are capable of simple locomotion on the ground, in space, and in water. They are able to recognise things and map new environments.

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